Natural Born Cosmetics® Retinol Resurfacing Complex, also known as Vitamin A, is the most scientifically studied and clinically proven ingredient to be medically proactive in the battle against aging and/or damaged skin due to exposure to the elements. Prescription strength Retinols (tretinoin), such as the brand Retin-A®, are well known and proven age fighters, but they can also be highly irritating and intolerable to many people, especially those with sensitive skin. This formula combines Retinol – the purest form of anti-aging Vitamin A – with two clinically proven age-fighting ingredients in a revolutionary non-acid sugar complex. People who can't tolerate prescription retinoids or AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids) will find this light weight and highly absorbable serum to be gentle yet extremely effective on skin. Retinol Resurfacing Complex is a time-released Vitamin A complex is formulated in a delivery system along with Matrixyl™ Peptides (Palmitoyl pentapeptide-3) that is specifically targeted to be bio-actively absorbed through the skin surface and down to the cell layers where rough skin damage and wrinkles develop. It also contains soothing plant extracts and amino acids to counteract the stinging and redness commonly experienced in use with over the counter and prescription Vitamin A treatments. It targets rough, dry, flaky skin, surface lines, age spots, sun spots, and especially those vertical lines above the lips and crows feet around the eyes. Unlike lasers, peels and injections, the results from Retinol Resurfacing Complex continue to build over time, helping skin regain visible smoothness and clarity with continued use. Why Use a Retinol preparation? Over 40 years of established research and clinical trials have proven that retinols stimulate collagen and elastin to maintain skin firmness, diminish fine lines and wrinkled appearance, smooth out uneven skin tone, and refine the skin's surface. Retinol combined with bio active peptides can reduce surface wrinkling as much as 68% within 2 to 6 months, depending on skin type and sun exposure damage. Retinol Resurfacing Complex is excellent to use with other anti-aging treatments, such as light therapy and other non-ablative anti-aging procedures for maximum line-smoothing effects. Retinol is pure, active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to generate and produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin. Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it bioactively stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells, and it is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin. Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects. Natural Born Cosmetics Retinol Resurfacing Complex is Dermatologist-tested on sensitive skin. Ophthalmologist-approved for use around the eyes, and does not contain fragrance, colorants or AHAs. Paraben preservative free, sulfate free. It is recommended to use this product nightly for full benefit. If you are new to using a Retinol, start out by applying it every other night to start, and to see how your skin does with it. Then, gradually increase use up to 5-6 times a week for maximum benefits. For best results, use a skin care cleansing routine that is gentle to your skin while using this product. We recommend any of the following products that will quickly restore and maintain the skin's pH balance for optimal performance of any brand of Retinol based products: Cleansers: Natural Born Cosmetics® Ultra Gentle Cleansing Lotion, Natural Born Cosmetics® Ultra Gentle Cleansing Gel, Natural Born Cosmetics® Multi-Vitamin Purifying Face Wash, Natural Born Cosmetics® Moisture Protecting Cleansing Lotion, Toners: Natural Born Cosmetics® Soothing Mist Spray, NOTE: once your skin is cleansed and toned, and the Natural Born Cosmetics® Retinol Resurfacing Complex is applied to clean skin, we strongly recommend that you allow a minimum of 15 minute contact time with skin before applying any additional products or moisturizer. This is to allow the complex to be freely and completely absorbed into the skin layers for maximum benefit. We also recommend that you use a sunscreen product on the face when outdoors during the day to minimize/prevent additional sun damage to skin. Warning: If irritation develops, discontinue use of Natural Born Cosmetics® Retinol Resurfacing Complex. INGREDIENTS: Purified water (base), cyclopentasiloxane (evaporative silicone), dimethicone/vinyldimethicone crosspolymer (light diffusing), retinol (pure vitamin A), lecithin (liposome), glucosamine HCL (non-acid exfoliant), algae (laminaria digitata) extract (soothing), yeast extract (cell building), urea (hydrating), polysorbate 20 (mild emulsifier), palmitoyl-pentapeptide 3* (firming, line-smoothing), PPG-12/SMDI copolymer (delivery vehicle), octyldodecanol (softening), mica (lightdiffusing), mugwort (artemisia vulgaris) extract (soothing), retinyl palmitate (stabilized vitamin A), cholecalciferol (vitamin D), dipotassium glycyrrhizate (licorice -soothing), beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A), glycerin (hydrating), butylene glycol (hydrating), acrylamide/sodium acryloyldimethyltaurate copolymer (emulsion stabilizer), corn oil (lipid-rich lubricant), carbomer (emulsion stabilizer), laureth-4 (mild emulsifier), tocopherol (freshness preservative), ascorbyl palmitate (freshness preservative), ascorbic acid (freshness preservative), isohexadecane (emollient), polysorbate 80 (mild emulsifier), yeast extract (firming, line-smoothing), soybean oil (lipid-rich lubricant), carrot extract (vitamin-A rich plant oil), ethylhexylglycerin (skin conditioner), potassium hydroxide (gentle antimicrobial preservative), potassium sorbate (food-grade antimicrobial preservative), citric acid (freshness preservative), dimethicone (skin protectant), laureth-23, PEG-8, methylisothiazolinone (gentle antimicrobial preservative). *Licensed Under U.S. Patent No. 6492326 COLD CLIMATE NOTICE: This product is packaged in a pump jar that is sensitive to breakage in extreme cold or freezing weather. Please read our Winter Shipping Notice for our policy on shipping cold/freeze sensitive products during this time of year. Please note we will not replace any broken jars that have not been selected to ship by Express Shipping methods.